Project funded under
the Socio-economic
Sciences and Humanities
How goods and food will be produced ?
What energy will be there ?
Where we will live and how we will move ?


Enerdata (coordinator of the project)

Enerdata sas is an independent private company with 15 permanent professionals. It manages and updates the largest energy data base existing at world level. This data base, called ENERDATA, proposes:

Present clients of the data base are energy companies, Ministries, international organisations, universities, research centres, equipment companies and consulting firms in about 40 countries (about 100 clients). Enerdata sas is also engaged in consulting activities to develop energy data base and energy information systems for energy companies or energy administrations. Enerdata sas has also a long experience in energy modelling and forecasting with various models: MEDEE models for long term energy demand forecasting; long term world energy model POLES; very long term energy model VLEEM, developed for the EC. These models have been used for the benefit of international organisations (European Union, World Bank, UNDP, African Development Bank, World Energy Council ...), national governments (France, Belgium, Spain, Canada, ...) and energy and consulting firms (EDF, MONENCO, ICE, ...). Enerdata is working closely with a research center UPMF-LEPII, on technology data bases (TECHPOLE).


ArcelorMittal is the world's largest steel company, with 320,000 employees in more than 60 countries. The company brings together the world's number one and number two steel companies, Arcelor and Mittal Steel.

ArcelorMittal is the leader in all major global markets, including automotive, construction, household appliances and packaging, with leading R&D and technology, as well as sizeable captive supplies of raw materials and outstanding distribution networks. In R&D, ArcelorMittal's daily challenges consist in developing new and continuously improved steel products, solutions and processes

An industrial presence in 27 European, Asian, African and American countries exposes the company to all the key steel markets, from emerging to mature.

ArcelorMittal carried out a crude steel production of 118 million tonnes, representing around 10 per cent of world steel output. The company respects high standards in Corporate Social Responsibility and intends to periodically publish significant Sustainable Development key performance indicators to live up to this ambition.

ArcelorMittal Research's investigation fields are new products, new steel solutions, continuous improvement of existing products and processes, breakthrough projects. Around 1300 people work in R&D worldwide in ArcelorMittal Research labs or ArcelorMittal business units labs. Arcelor Research efficiency relies on the talents of its teams but also on its numerous partnerships with Arcelor major customers and industrial companies, universities and research institutes.

As a company highly committed to sustainable development, ArcelorMittal, the coordinator of the ULCOS (Ultra Low CO2 Steelmaking) program, leads a consortium of 48 companies, which have the target of designing and developing, to a credible large scale, new steel production processes that will cut CO2 emissions by at least a factor 2. The commitment of ArcelorMittal will also rely on the experience of the ELM team (Environment, Life-Cycle and Materials), doing Life Cycle Analysis related to materials, as well as research in the field of environmental impact assessment.

Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (Fraunhofer-ISI)

The Fraunhofer-ISI institute is part of the Fraunhofer Society for Applied Research in Germany, a non-profit corporation, promoting applied research and assuring the link between fundamental and industrial research. The Fraunhofer Society is mostly financed through contract work for public bodies at European, national and regional level as well as for industrial companies. The research society comprises 59 research institutes all over Germany. ISI complements the scientific and technological spectrum of the technology-focused majority of Fraunhofer Institutes through interdisciplinary research in the fields of technology assessment, innovation behaviour, economic and societal consequences of technologies in fields like energy, transport and water. Fraunhofer ISI concentrates on

The Fraunhofer-ISI structure comprises five competence centres each of which is composed as interdisciplinary team combining knowledge of engineers, economists, psychologist, sociologist and other scientist, in total about 100 scientists. The two competence centres "Sustainability and Infrastructures" with its unit on Transport System Research and "Energy Policy and Energy Systems" will be participating in the PACT project. The departments research profiles cover the analysis of innovation processes of technologies, the sustainable use of energy and material resources, the assessment of environmental impacts, scenario development, economic and social implications of technologies and policies including energy and transport policies. In particular, the skills on long-term technology and scenario analysis as well as on technology assessment will be provided for this project. Fraunhofer-ISI has a long history in projects on renewable energies (e.g. FORRES, OPTRES, Impact Assessment for EC RES Strategy), hydrogen technologies (e.g. HySociety, HyWays, GermanHy), transport technology and policy (e.g. TRIAS, COMPETE, iTREN-2030) and climate policy (e.g. ADAM, NAP I+II-Germany, Politikszenarien für den Klimaschutz) to mention only a few of the projects related to the PACT topics.

Max-Plank-Institut for Plasmaphysics (IPP)

The Max-Planck-Institut for plasmaphysics is an internationally renounced institution of fusion research. More than thousand researchers work at Garching close to München and in Greifswald at the shore of the Baltic sea. The group of energy and system studies is a small group within the institute which evaluates mainly with models possible future developments of the energy system. Systems from the global down to the urban scale are analysed. Special investigations regarding more technical questions are made, like the integration of renewable energies into the electricity grid or the potentials to integrate combined heat and power into house heating systems. The groups has strong ties to several universities, especially the university of Augsburg, the University of Greifswald and the Fachhochschule in Stralsund.

Since ten years the group works in the field of urban energy systems. The central idea is to develop models of the cities to help decision makers to identify best measures to reach goals like greenhouse gas emissions or final energy demand reductions. Beside this more practical work the group looks also in more theoretical issues. An example is the attempt to describe with a multi-actor approach the “real” behaviour of house owners to refurbish the existing housing stock. The group collaborates with various cities. A prominent example was a considerable contribution to the energy saving concept of the city of Vienna (

Institute of studies for the Integration of systems (ISIS)

ISIS is an Italian private research and consulting firm, established in 1971 and active at the national and international level in the areas of information and decision support systems, mathematical modelling, and operational research. ISIS employs methodologies and tools that are applicable to a wide range of sectors and economic activities in which planning and policy design represent aspects of strategic importance. ISIS has accrued particular expertise in the areas of transport, energy, environment and local finance. More specifically, ISIS has participated to (and/or coordinated) a large number of RTD and policy projects at the European level on the topics of:

For the development of its activities, ISIS employs the professional contribution of its partners and collaborators, which total 20 full time people. In addition, ISIS has established a network of alliances currently active in European nations. This network is the result of years of participation to international projects which have been carried out under combined efforts and agreements. ISIS is equipped with information resources in line with the most up-to-date, modern technologies, and has always demonstrated proactive support of interactive and user-friendly software tools.

University Pierre Mendes France (UPMF) - LEPII Laboratory

The International and Industrial Economics Laboratory (LEPII : Laboratoire d'Economie de la Production et de l'Intégration Internationale) is a joint research unit of the Université Pierre Mendès France (UPMF) of Grenoble and the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS). The LEPII is composed of 40 researchers and faculties, working in different research groups among which the Energy, Ressources and Environment Group (ERE). The main activity of the LEPII is oriented towards economic research on energy and environment, either from an academic or applied economics perspective. It has also been continuously involved in the policy analysis and decision-making process, through economic studies for business or public administration organisations at the French and European level.

The LEPII-ERE research activities are based on public funding and contractual agreements with governments, EC Directorates and energy companies. Over the past five years, the LEPII has worked: in France, for the ADEME, the « Commissariat du Plan », the French Electricity Board, the Ministry of the Environment, the Ministry of Industry and the CNRS Energy Programme; in Europe, for the European Commission's DG-Research, DG-Environment and DG-TREN on different topics related to energy modelling and scenarios, economic analysis of the trends in the energy sector and climate policy design and assessment

Laboratorio di Scienze della Cittadinanza (LSC)

Laboratory of Science of Citizenship (LSC, is an Italian non profit social research and training institution that has been working since 1993 in Europe and in Developing Countries in the field of social cohesion, social policies, quality of services, gender issues, scientific and technological research, migration, and urban development. LSC also carries out activities of training, retraining and updating for targeted social groups as well as for non profit organisations officers, public administration bodies and the private sector. One of LSC purpose is to produce, among other things, new knowledge regarding social, cultural, economic and political processes that, at varying levels, impact the quality of STR, the exploitation of the results of research activity (both in economic terms and on the social and cultural front) and, more generally, on the relations between science and society, in the attempt to promote appropriate forms of intervention for supporting STR in Europe. This program is being developed through different initiatives. Amongst these, it is worth highlighting the participation of the LSC in the project “Social Science and European Research Capacities” of the 6th Framework Programme, coordinated by the Tor Vergata University of Rome, aimed at enhancing the role of the social sciences with the purpose of increasing the overall quality of European scientific and technological research capacity and greater exploitation of the products of the research in economic and social terms. The LSC, again in the context of the 6th Framework Programme is also collaborating in the project MINET “Measuring the Impossible Network”, in the context of the PathFinder initiative, a coordination initiative involving 22 European institutes of excellence. The LSC also collaborates with the EC in other areas, such as social research on migrations, on the fight against social exclusion.


MEFOS, Metallurgical Research Institute AB, undertakes research and development services in process metallurgy, metal working and energy and environmental technology for iron and steel manufacturers, manufacturers of non-ferrous metals, and suppliers of equipment to the metallurgical and metalworking industries. MEFOS is well known world-wide for its unique large scale pilot plant equipment in metallurgy and metalworking and its ability to perform very large research projects. MEFOS have well-known experience in practical and theoretical metallurgical, e.g. slag metallurgy and analytical characterisation methods.

MEFOS employs about 80 people including research engineers and other specialists. Most of the engineers are metallurgists but there are also physicists, computer scientists, instrument engineers and process control engineers. The staff has profound experience from industrial work in steel plants and is used to perform industrial measurements. The research and development that MEFOS undertakes can be compared to the research and development performed by industrial companies.

Since 2006 MEFOS hosts Centre for Process Integration in Steelmaking, which is an excellence centre for advanced industrial modelling, resource optimisation, and process decision-making. The centre focuses on applied and forward-looking research in the area of iron- and steelmaking. It is supported by the Swedish government, the mineral producer LKAB, the steel producers SSAB and Ruukki. The academic research partner is Luleå University of Technology. By the end of 2007 the centre hosts six full-time institute, and about the same number of part-time industrial researchers, all with university education, and some with PhD-exams in energy engineering and process integration.

University of Padua (UP)

Recent scientific activities of the research team have focussed mainly on the following topics :

New Life Style at school : a survey on the life style at school (new media, PC, Internet, fashion etc) has been developed with a Veneto Region's research grant. The survey delineates the “identikit” of the young in the Veneto region about the use of new media and identifies five typologies by cluster analysis. Moreover, the survey analyses the risk factors for addiction and social diseases linked to these “new social machines”, for which it is necessary to put into effect actions of prevention.

Formation and teachers : in collaboration with the Institute of Educational Research of Veneto a survey has been developed that tried to rationalize a survey system that allowed to program the acquaintance of the expectations of teacher formation, and as a consequence allowed to rationally and usefully plan the formation policy.

Human resources and school : a survey on the relationship between Human capital and Social capital has been developed thanks to a government research grant (PRIN). Local coordinator: prof. Silvio Scanagatta; National coordinator: prof. Pierpaolo Donati. The research, has carried to interesting results on the relationship between Human and Social capital.

European Project experience : the main focus of the project is on the role that TV and radio networks can play in the process of building and empowering a democratic citizenship and public sphere during the transition to democracy in the regions of the Balkans. The plan then has also implied a dissemination of results with focus groups of journalists from both televisions and newspapers in the area of Belgrade and Banja Luka.

Turku School of Economics (TSE)

Jointly founded by three universities in 1992, Finland Futures Research Centre (FFRC) is an auxiliary unit of the Turku School of Economics. FFRC is an internationally recognised centre for futures research, education and development, which has operations on local, national and international level. The Centre produces and promotes visionary information on the future trends of society and the environment. With its multidisciplinary resources it is able to meet the needs of its customers, which range from academic institutions to public organisations and the business world. Extended networks of co-operation guarantee the Centre access to the latest ideas, visions and methods to deal with and evaluate perceptions of the future. The Centre's basic activities are focused on the promotion of a sustainable future. A sustainable future is understood as being economically efficient, socially secure, fair, and culturally representative of our world society. The Centre organises annual international seminars and conferences. “Futures studies” is a multidisciplinary field of research that seeks to describe and explain wide-ranging social phenomena and their associated processes of change and development in different areas of human activity. Futures studies methods thus provide solutions for the challenging processes of strategic planning and decision-making.